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Sample Actuarial Problems

Apply your math skills to actuarial exam questions.

Actuaries earn professional credentials by passing a series of examinations. This online exam is designed to give you an idea of the types of questions you might encounter on the preliminary actuarial examinations administered by the Casualty Actuarial Society and Society of Actuaries. The sample problems are actual questions from prior exams, but they do not cover all the topics or all levels of difficulty.

Answer the five multiple choice questions below, then click submit to see your results.


A blood test indicates the presence of a particular disease 95% of the time when the disease is actually present. The same test indicates the presence of the disease 0.5% of the time when the disease is not present. One percent of the population actually has the disease. Calculate the probability that a person has the disease given that the test indicates the presence of the disease.


A car dealership sells 0, 1, or 2 luxury cars on any day. When selling a car, the dealer also tries to persuade the customer to buy an extended warranty for the car. Let X denote the number of luxury cars sold in a given day, and let Y denote the number of extended warranties sold.
P(X = 0, Y = 0) = 1 / 6
P(X = 1, Y = 0) = 1/12
P(X = 1, Y = 1) = 1 /6
P(X = 2, Y = 0) = 1 /12
P(X = 2, Y = 1) = 1 /3
P(X = 2, Y = 2) = 1/6

What is the variance of X?


Let X be a continuous random variable with density function

Calculate the expected value of X.


An auto insurance company insures an automobile worth 15,000 for one year under a policy with a 1,000 deductible. During the policy year there is a 0.04 chance of partial damage to the car and a 0.02 chance of a total loss of the car. If there is partial damage to the car, the amount X of damage (in thousands) follows a distribution with density function

What is the expected claim payment?


The stock prices of two companies at the end of any given year are modeled with random variables X and Y that follow a distribution with joint density function

What is the conditional variance of Y given that X = x ?